Nobody can live skipping eating or breathing. No one big meal or deep breathing can be sufficient to the entire life span. Literally, repetition makes life continue. But ironically when it comes to the study, people often do not repeat their reading, thinking or learning. There are many good books or thoughts out there; but they do not take time to read and digest them. Some people think that they mastered them, or others simply do not want to take them. So the primary tip for success in transformative study is nothing other than meditating on thought items digested. According to Psalm 1:2, blessed are those who meditate on the Torah (teaching) of the Lord day and night. The Torah (teaching or instruction) must be mediated in everyday life so that the whole life will be a field of God’s teaching. God also speaks through day and night so we should be ready to receive a revelation day and night. In fact, life is too short to meditate only on days. Sometimes we need sleepless nights with turns and twists. That is a time of revelation. So we need night. In addition, metaphorically, day and night represent a bright side and a dark side of our lives, respectively. That is our life; we know day follows night, and vice versa. Fundamentally, our study, transformative in nature, should be patterned something like this never-ending process of meditation, a work of day and night.
No matter what book or essay you read, you should be able to summarize it in a few sentences (a paragraph) in your own words. Embody or digest material so that it can be part of you.
Begin with a big picture when you write or think after a process of meditation and summing up. Paul's letter to the Romans is a good example. Read the first few verses. Look at Paul’s self-description of "a slave of Christ" and apostle, his view of God, the holy scriptures, the gospel of God, the gospel concerning his Son. He begins with big words very tersely yet clearly. Paul begins with a big picture of his ministry and his thought in the beginning of the letter. How can you relate these subjects with each other?
This process also engages other readings. Compare and contrast with other readings. *Romans is an excellent example for this. Paul defends and argues for his big picture of ministry and thought spending the rest of the letter. Analyze the letter for your purpose.
The truth is that even with a good big picture, you still have to provide details by focusing on the central ideas or key themes that you think the most important. Test whether both the whole (a big picture) and parts cohere and help one another. *example: like building a house, we need a good master plan and detailed works.